Listing all posts with label dysgraphia. Show all posts.
  1. 10 Tips to Help Children with Dysgraphia

    Does your child struggle to write on the appropriate lines provided? Do you know or teach a child who is challenged and/or frustrated with simply forming basic letters and words? A child or student with these issues just might be challenged with dysgraphia.

    Dysgraphia is a neurological disorder characterized by writing disabilities. Specifically, the disorder causes a person's writing to be distorted or incorrect. In children, the disorder generally emerges when they are first introduced to writing. They make inappropriately sized and spaced letters, or write wrong or misspelled words, despite thorough and apporpriate instruction.

    Children with the disorder may have other learning disabilities; however, they usually have no social or other academic problems. Dysgraphia in adults generally occurs after some trauma. In addition to poor handwriting, dysgraphia is characterized by wrong or odd spelling, and production of words that are not correct (i.e., using "boy" for "child"). The cause of the disorder is unknown, but in adults, it is usually associated with damage to the parietal lobe of the brain.

    1. First, CHANGE the paper used for writing.
    A person with dysgraphia experiences significant challenges in the writing process. These challenges involve the inability to organize information that is stored in memory AND getting words on to paper by handwriting or typing them.

    These 2 challenges prevent dysgraphic persons from understanding the spacing between letters, words, and sentences. In order to help your child visualize the space and to minimize frustration, first consider replacing your child’s lined paper with graph paper or turn the lined paper sideways, with each letter getting its own block/space and leaving an empty block/space between words.

    You might also try using various kinds of highlighted printing papers. There are a few online sources for such supplies. (Please see FREE downloadable templates available via the link provided below here, too.)

    Also, consider changing the color of the writing paper. A particular pastel color for paper may help alleviate some of the visual stress caused by white papers. Just the "right" colored paper for your child could make a positive difference, if only in the way he approaches the writing task.

    2. CHANGE the writing tool or instrument your child uses.
    Dysgraphia affects fine motor control. Because of this, gripping a pencil or pen lightly isn’t natural. Encourage your child to write as if she were holding a feather, or take it a bit further and give her an actual quill and ink. Feathers are delicate and children tend to handle them much more gently than they do a solid object like a pencil. If a quill is not readily available,consider using chalk, as it will crumble when pressed too hard.

    As for writing surfaces, the bigger, the better! Use an easel or a large sheet of white poster board. Another option is to use sliding glass doors on which to write (with washable markers or transparency pens) as they are huge and the glass surface naturally encourages my children to write much more softly than they would on other surfaces. An added benefit is that these large glass doors can easily and quickly be washed.

    In addition, adding a soft and comfortable pencil grip or holder to the writing tool currently used can provide much support for a struggling writer. These types of pencil grips can be found online from various special needs sources.

    3. TEACH your child to type and effectively use a computer keyboard.
    To help eliminate much of the stress of repeated writing difficulties, allow your child to express his ideas and thoughts with a word processor or computer keyboard. Providing this option can relax and enable your child to make more progress in learning in all content areas. Another option for this purpose is a portable keyboard/word processor called AlphaSmart. Although an older type of assistive technology, the AlphaSmart keyboards can provide the needed typing tool for a challenged writer and is available online either new or used.

    4. INTRODUCE your child to gross motor skill exercises.
    Show your child a few gross motor skill exercises to strengthen the arm and hand. Then incorporate these exercises into your child's daily routine. Make them fun, combining them with rhymes or your child's favorite kind of music. A good resource for these types of exercises is OT Mom Learning Activities (please see "gross motor" link below here).

    5. INTRODUCE fine motor control exercises.
    Introduce fine motor control exercises to strengthen the fingers and wrist. Add these to your child's daily activities as well. By combining these exercises with some relaxing instrumental music selections, your child may relax a bit more and be able to concentrate on the exercises more successfully. A variety of fine motor exercises can also be accessed via many special needs or OT websites such as OT Mom Learning Activities, too (please see "fine motor" link below here).

    6. CONSIDER by-passing printing & proceed directly to cursive writing.
    The move to cursive, too, can significantly reduce the levels of frustration experienced by many with dysgraphia, allowing them to relax and become better able to write. This might be a temporary by-pass of printing, or it could become more permanent, depending upon the results observed with the cursive writing.

    7. DEVELOP & UTILIZE narration or speaking skills whenever possible.
    Dysgraphia causes some individuals to experience a block between thinking something and writing it. Narration is an excellent tool for helping your child record her thoughts. Saying letters and words aloud as they are recorded on a small tech device (mp3 player or the like) or with a text-to-speech program will also be a benefit when it is time to write down those words. A handy list will have already been created.

    8. WORK TOGETHER to evaluate & change your writing goals as needed.
    Discuss at least once per week about how the accommodations are working to help your child. Even if your child is young, he can provide valuable input as to what is working and what is not. He may even have additional ideas to add or request, especially after you have begun to show him just a few helpful strategies or accommodations.

    9. DEMONSTRATE and USE large "air writing" techniques.
    Demonstrate and use large "air writing" of letters to develop a more efficient motor memory for the sequence of steps necessary in making each letter. You might also introduce "sand writing" which involves using the finder to write out letters in a sided tray of sand. These multi-sensory approaches often yield very positive results.

    10.MAKE USE of a other multi-sensory techniques.
    Make use of a variety of multi-sensory techniques to further develop handwriting skills. Visit Dysgraphia Resources to access more than 200 multi-sensory activities, tools and other resources to help your child with the challenges of dysgraphia (many of the resources there are FREE, too!)

    Sources & Resources:

    8 Strategies to Beat Dysgraphia from Homeschool Gameschool blog
    http://homeschoolgameschool.com/8-strategies-to-beat-dysgraphia/

    Strategies for Dealing with Dysgraphia by Regina G. Richards, LD Online
    http://www.ldonline.org/article/5890

    BEST Websites for Dyslexia & Dysgraphia from Help for Struggling Readers blog
    http://helpforstrugglingreaders.blogspot.com/2013/10/best-websites-for-dyslexia-dysgraphia.html

    Pencil Grips and Holders from Fun and Function
    https://funandfunction.com/more/write-and-more/grips.html

    AlphaSmart Keyboards
    Portable assistive technology for keyboarding and word processing.
    https://www.amazon.com/s?ie=UTF8&page=1&rh=i%3Aaps%2Ck%3Aalphasmart%20keyboards

    Fine Motor Activities from OT Mom Learning Activities
    www.ot-mom-learning-activities.com/hand-exercises-for-kids.html

    Gross Motor Skill Activities-from OT Mom Learning Activities
    http://www.ot-mom-learning-activities.com/gross-motor-activities.html

    Able Apps for Dysgraphia from Help for Struggling Readers blog
    http://helpforstrugglingreaders.blogspot.com/2012/08/able-apps-for-dysgraphia.html

    200+ Dysgraphia Resources---ALL in 1 Place from Brennan Innovators, LLC
    More than 200 multi-sensory resources to help someone you know with dysgraphia.
    https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/dysgraphia-resources/?etslf=6371&eq=Dysgraphia
  2. A Treasure Trove of Special Needs Resources---ALL in 1 Place!

    When searching for resources to help a child or adult with special or additional needs, do you return again and again to Google for your searches?  Wouldn't it be great if you could have a categorized collection of MANY different kinds of special needs resources ALL in one place and ALWAYS at your fingertips? Well, we decided to provide you with just such a collection, one that you can bookmark (we hope!) and keep ever-accessible for your future needs and that of your child, students or other adult(s).

    This week, we are listing all types of special needs resources---categorized just for you---courtesy of our Pinterest boards.  Please feel free to re-visit and/or share this list to help other parents, teachers and adults who care for individuals with special needs.  Please let us know if there is a resource not yet posted here that deserves to be listed.  If we agree, we'll add it to the collection so that others might benefit, too!

    Happy Reading AND Learning---EVERYONE!

    A Collection of Categorized Special Needs Resources

    ADHD Resources and Support:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/adhd-resources-support/

    ADHD Tools & Resources for Adults:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/adhd-tools-resources-for-adults/

    Dyslexia Resources and Support:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/dyslexia-resources-support/

    Dyslexia Tools:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/dyslexia-tools/

    Dysgraphia Resources:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/dysgraphia-resources/

    Dyscalculia Resources:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/dyscalculia-resources/

    Dyspraxia Resources:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/dyspraxia-resources/

    Autism Resources and Support:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/autism-resources-support/

    Down Syndrome Resources & Support:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/down-syndrome-resources-support/

    Tourette Syndrome Resources & Support:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/tourette-syndrome-resources-support/

    Brain-Training Resources for ALL Kinds of Learners:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/brain-training-resources-for-all-kinds-of-learners/

    Brain-Training Apps:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/brain-training-apps/

    Executive Function Activities & Resources:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/executive-function-activities-resources/

    Could It Be Auditory Processing Issues?:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/could-it-be-auditory-processing-issues/

    Visual Processing Resources:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/visual-processing-resources/

    Low Vision Resources & Support:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/low-vision-resources-support/

    Vision & Vision Therapy Information:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/vision-vision-therapy-information/

    Stroke Recovery Resources & Support:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/stroke-recovery-resources-support/

    Traumatic Brain Injury Resources & Support:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/traumatic-brain-injury-resources-support/

    Parkinson's Disease:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/parkinsons-disease/

    Alzheimer’s Resources: 
    1. https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/alzheimers-resources/
    2. https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/resources-support-for-alzheimers/

    Dementia Info & Resources:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/dementia-info-resources/

    Help for Struggling Readers:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/help-for-struggling-readers/

    Sensory Ideas:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/sensory-ideas/

    Awesome Apps for Special Needs:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/awesome-apps-for-special-needs/

    Let's Make It Gluten-Free! (Recipes):  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/let-s-make-it-gluten-free/

    Resources for ELL & ELS Students: 
    1. https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/resources-for-ell-els-students/
    2. https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/els-ell-educational-resources/

    Miscellaneous Special Needs Resources:  https://www.pinterest.com/brennajn2000/special-needs-resources/

  3. Better Reading & Writing with the World’s BEST Grammar Checker

    We all know that the ability to read well is an all-important keystone for success in the classroom and in life.  The right strategies and tools can significantly improve one’s reading skills, particularly when learning to read is a challenge (i.e., ADHD, dyslexia and other issues).

    Writing skills, on the other hand, have traditionally relied more on one’s ability to apply what has been learned through reading.  This includes a host of important skills, especially in the area of proofreading: knowledge of mechanics, proper spelling, appropriate grammar usage and more.  Yes, there are strategies for learning the rules and methods of proofreading a body of text, but having a reliable tool at-the-ready for a writer can provide needed support and reinforcement of such rules and methods.  Unfortunately, it has been more than a little challenging to find a worthy tool that provides both accurate and comprehensive proofreading assistance for writers---until very recently.

    Although we have very competent writers on our staff here at Brennan Innovators, we have been less than impressed with the traditional spell checkers and poor grammar checking tools found online.  However, just a few months ago, we discovered Grammarly.com, a great site that we believe offers reliable tools for proofreading letters, papers and other documents with a surprising amount of accuracy.  Although its resources may not be a direct replacement for a professional proofreader, Grammarly.com does offer writers a second set of eyes for their proofreading needs. 

    The Grammarly software actually scans text for more than 250 types of grammar mistakes in six distinct writing genres. Grammarly also provides informative flash cards to help a writer transform weak areas into strengths.  In fact, Top Ten Reviews, an independent provider of reliable information for consumers, says, “Everything about Grammarly centers on not only improving written texts, but also developing the writers themselves.” This is one of the reasons it has earned the Top Ten Reviews Gold Award for 2015.  

    We think using the award-winning Grammarly tools now gives individuals the proofreading support they have been needing and wanting for a long time in order to help them significantly improve their writing.  They only need to visit Grammarly.com to make it happen!

    Resources

    Grammarly.com
    Grammarly improves your emails, social media posts, and documents by checking for grammar, spelling, and punctuation mistakes. FREE and various paid account options are available.
    https://www.grammarly.com  

    Top Ten Reviews
    Here is the link to the online review of Grammarly.com provided by Top Ten Reviews.
    http://online-grammar-check-review.toptenreviews.com  
  4. BEST Websites for LD

    It is October and LD Awareness Month!  We're commemorating the month by honoring parents and teachers of children with special learning needs as well as challenged adults.  In this blog article, we have decided to provide what many of these individuals often request of us---information and resources for learning disabilities and differences (LD).  We believe that the best way to do that is by presenting a GOOD list of online resources and websites in various LD categories.  In this way, parents, teachers and adults challenged with specific reading or learning issues will have a go-to page to help give them direction and a place to start for the assistance they need.

    We hope you will find the following categorized list of LD websites helpful for you or for someone you care about each day!

    Categorized Website List for LD

    AD/HD (ADHD or ADD)

    AD/HD is the notation for ADD (no hyperactivity) or ADHD (with the hyperactivity component).  Both children and adults can be affected by the condition, and it can occur in varying degrees of severity from one individual to another.  There really is no cure for ADHD, but it is very possible to effectively manage the symptoms of the disorder, which may include assistive tools, strategies, coaching and other helpful resources.

    1. CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) is a national non-profit organization working to improve the lives of affected people through education, advocacy and support. From lobbying to local support groups, CHADD is a leader in the field of ADHD.
    http://www.chadd.org/

    2. National Resource Center on AD/HD (Sponsored by CHADD) is the center funded by the CDC.  It has much science-based information about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
    http://www.help4adhd.org
     
    3. ADD Resources is another non-profit serving the ADHD community. It has an extensive directory of workshops, conferences, publications, and articles for parents, teachers, adults, and medical professionals. The organization supports itself through memberships.  (A fee may be charged to access some content.)
    http://w3.addresources.org/

    Dyslexia

    1. National Center for Learning Disabilities---Dyslexia
    http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/dyslexia
     
    2. The International Dyslexia Association
    http://www.interdys.org/index.htm
     
    3. The Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity
    http://www.dyslexia.yale.edu/
     
    4. DyslexiaHelp at the University of Michigan
    http://dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/

    Dysgraphia

    1. National Center for Learning Disabilities---Dysgraphia
    http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/dysgraphia/what-is-dysgraphia
     
    2. LD Online--- Dysgraphia
    http://www.ldonline.org/article/5890/
     
    3. LDA---Learning Disabilities Association of America--- Dysgraphia
    http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/parents/ld_basics/dysgraphia.asp
     
    4. Handwriting Problem Solutions, LLC
    http://www.handwriting-solutions.com/dysgraphia.asp

    Dyscalculia

    1. National Center for Learning Disabilities---Dyscalculia
    http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/dyscalculia/what-is-dyscalculia
     
    2. Dyscalculia.org-Math Tools
    http://www.dyscalculia.org/math-tools

    Dyspraxia

    1. Dyspraxia Foundation USA
    http://www.dyspraxiausa.org/

    2. Six Helpful Dyspraxia Resources---from the National Center for Learning Disabilities
    http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/dyspraxia/helpful-motor-skills-development-resources
     
    3. Blog: occupationaltherapyforchildren.over-blog.com
    http://occupationaltherapyforchildren.over-blog.com/article-dyspraxia-87698021.html
     
    Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)
    Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) is a condition that exists when sensory signals do not get organized into appropriate responses.  The condition prevents certain parts of the brain from receiving information needed to interpret sensory input correctly.  A person with SPD finds it difficult to process and act upon information received through the senses, which creates challenges in performing countless everyday tasks.  Motor clumsiness, behavioral problems, anxiety, depression, school failure and other impacts may result if the disorder is not treated effectively (from The Sensory Processing Foundation at http://www.spdfoundation.net/about-sensory-processing-disorder.html).

    1. The Sensory Processing Foundation
        http://www.spdfoundation.net/

    2. Sensory Processing Disorder Resource Center
        http://www.sensory-processing-disorder.com/

    3. Physician Fact Sheet Sensory Processing Disorder Signs and Symptoms
        http://www.thespiralfoundation.org/pdfs/Fact%20Sheet%20for%20MDs%20PDF.pdf

    Executive Function Disorder (EFD)
    Many individuals struggle with executive function, which governs a person’s ability to plan, organize and manage details in everyday life.
    (Source: National Center for Learning Disabilities---Executive Functioning: Please see website link to follow.)

    1. National Center for Learning Disabilities---Executive Functioning
        http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/executive-function-disorders
     
    2. Executive Function 101---FREE e-Book from the National Center for Learning Disabilities
        http://ncld.convio.net/site/MessageViewer?em_id=21301.0&dlv_id=32771
     
    3. Is It Executive Function Disorder (EFD) or ADD/ADHD?---from ADDitude Magazine
        http://www.additudemag.com/adhd/article/7051.html

    4. What Is Executive Function?---from WebMD
        http://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/executive-function

    Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)
    The most recent data from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control, 2012) indicates that in the U.S., about 1 in 88 children have been identified with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).  Autism spectrum disorders are almost five times more common among boys than girls – with 1 in 54 boys identified.  

    1. Autism Spectrum Disorders---from the National Center for Learning Disabilities
        http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/adhd-related-issues/autism-spectrum-disorders?gclid=CI-okIvJr7oCFUkV7AodSj4AUw

    2. Websites for Families---from Autism Speaks
        http://www.autismspeaks.org/family-services/resource-library/websites-families

    3. National Autism Association
        http://nationalautismassociation.org/
     
    4. TeachersFirst Resources on Autism Spectrum Disorders and Asperger’s
        http://www.teachersfirst.com/spectopics/autism-asperger.cfm

    5. Statistics for the Prevalence of Autism and Other Related Data---from the Centers for Disease Control
        From the CDC's Autism and Devlopmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network, 2012
        http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2012/p0329_autism_disorder.html
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